Earlier than the 1970s, no person had heard of HIV or Aids, however by 1980 the virus had unfold to 5 continents and HIV turned a world disaster affecting tons of of 1000’s of people. Since then, the HIV pandemic has grow to be one of many greatest threats to mankind’s well being in historical past.
Is HIV nonetheless an lively pandemic? While the variety of new HIV infections is falling and there may be proof the epidemic is slowing down, there have been nonetheless 2.6 million new circumstances of the virus reported in 2009 and the variety of individuals dwelling with the virus was estimated to be 33.three million.
However though the figures do present a decline in new circumstances, HIV continues to be very a lot a world situation and circumstances of the virus are nonetheless occurring on each continent. Nevertheless, some components of the world are much more affected by the HIV pandemic than others and HIV in Africa continues to be a significant drawback. Round 70% of all new circumstances of HIV in Africa happen within the sub-Saharan area and in some nations as many as one in 5 adults are contaminated, though the speed of an infection is falling.
In contrast, circumstances of HIV in Jap Europe and HIV in Asia are on the rise. Between 2001 and 2009, the variety of individuals dwelling with HIV in Jap Europe and Asia elevated by an enormous 54.9%, a pattern induced partially by persevering with discrimination towards homosexuals and drug customers.
Transmission charges of HIV in Europe and HIV within the Americas are nonetheless an issue and statistics present that there are at present over 1,000,000 individuals dwelling with HIV in America HIV Test alone. Extra severely, the variety of recorded circumstances of HIV in Latin America was recorded as two million in 2008, largely on account of poverty, migration, homophobia and HIV-discrimination.
However even though a HIV pandemic remains to be very a lot in proof, huge progress is being made within the discipline of HIV and Aids analysis and the variety of new circumstances is down by virtually 20% because the peak of the epidemic in 1999. Nevertheless there may be nonetheless a terrific deal extra work to do within the struggle towards HIV and Aids, and with greater than two million adults nonetheless dying yearly from Aids associated sicknesses, campaigners are calling for a larger quantity of funding to be made obtainable with the intention to present a simpler response to the HIV